Please consider submitting papers relevant to the simulation of the social processes of science (broadly concieved) to Social Simulation 2014. This conference is in beautiful Barcelona, September 1-5th. If we get enough papers on the topic we will run a special track/session on this.
ROC curves plot true positive rates (TPR) versus false positive rates (FPR) for a given classifying procedure. This post discuses these curves as they might apply to different scientific disciplines.
It suggests that such curves are a more sophisticated way of judging the trade-offs inherent in science, and briefly discusses ways to improve ("lower") these curves, including awareness of "researcher degrees of freedom".